How Jesus turned the world upside down

Adoration of the Shepherds by Caravaggio (1609)

The problem with the world is not its diversity – social, ethnic, or otherwise. I am white, he is black; I belong to society’s elite, he is a poor farmer; I speak Yoruba, she is Fulani. No. The problem arises when love and service are left out and the elements of power and superiority are introduced. Then it becomes: I am white, he is black, therefore I am better than him. I am the manager, she reports to me, therefore she must do whatever I want. I am wealthy, he is poor, therefore I can do as I wish to him.

This is the language of power, and it has dominated the world ever since.

Cain killed his brother Abel because he felt he could exercise power over him.  He was not driven by love to serve him, rather he was driven by power and hate to kill him (Genesis 4:1-10).

Abimelech, king of the ancient city of Gerar, wanted to forcibly take Sarah as his wife, but God prevented it (Genesis 20:1-3).

What about the African slave trade? Local chieftains would connive with slave traders to capture innocent people and sell them into slavery.

The civil rights movement in the mid-twentieth century was launched to end the segregation of blacks in American society.

Fear has a way of working alongside power. We observe this in the subjugation of the Jews in ancient Egypt. Through fear, fear of domination by the immigrants, the Egyptians turned them into slaves. A similar pattern continues today. Tyrants are often  motivated by fear – fear of losing power, fear of their enemies, etc. And as a result, they oppress. And fear, as John tells us, is opposed to love (1 John 4:18).

Jesus understood this dynamic well (Luke 22:25), and his ministry was a complete reversal of the ethic of power in the following ways:

  1.  In the first place, he did the unthinkable – he took on human nature.  The almighty God, Sovereign Lord of the universe, the Great Being whom sinful and helpless men throughout the world look to for help. He became like his own creatures.
  2. Not only did he enter into the human condition, he took on its most despised form – the form of a servant (Philippians. 2:7). A servant is not one you normally invite to parties; human societies don’t select servants to rule over them. A servant typically occupies the lowest rung on the ladder of social status. And this was the spot that God took when he came to earth.
  3. Finally, in becoming a servant, perhaps he could have chosen to serve the dignitaries of the earth. He possessed such wisdom and knowledge at a tender age that he gained acceptance to a discussion with learned religious leaders (Luke 2:46). Surely, Pilate or Caiaphas would have been glad to have such a person wait on them in their palaces! But not Jesus. He became a servant to the most despised in the society. He met with tax collectors (one of the most hated groups in Jewish society at the time). He preached to the multitude (the rich don’t move with the multitude). He moved among the lepers, the blind, the demon-possessed, and he healed them. His disciples were men of no reputation – fishermen, revolutionaries, tax collectors, etc. And he faithfully served and taught them. On the night before his death, he did what no Jewish rabbi would do. He attired himself like a servant and washed the feet of his disciples one by one, leaving this symbolic act as an eternal statement that life does not consist in ruling over others. On the contrary, life is only truly lived when spent in loving service to others (John 13: 1-17; Luke 22: 24-27).


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